BCI textbooks:

Wolpaw, J. and Wolpaw, E. W. Brain-computer interfaces: Principles and practice. Oxford University Press, 2012.

This textbook is a comprehensive in-depth treatment of all aspects of BCI research and development that is accessible to those with basic undergraduate background in physics, mathematics, and biology and is at the same time an excellent resource for advanced researchers.


Rao, Rajesh P. N. Brain-computer interfaces: An introduction. Cambridge Press, 2013.

This book is designed as a textbook for upper-level undergraduates and first-year graduate students.


Fazel-Rezai, R. Brain-computer interface systems – Recent progress and future prospects. Intech, 2013.

This book has a stronger emphasis on recent developments, such as hybrid and wireless systems, and future BCIs.


Tan, D. and Nijholt, A. Brain-computer interface systems – Applying our minds to human-computer interaction. Springer, 2010.

This book is focused on “passive” BCIs and related methods to improve interaction with computers.


Schalk, G. and Mellinger, J.  A Practical Guide to Brain-Computer Interfacing with BCI2000. Springer, ISBN 978-1849960915, 2010.

This book describes the widely used general-purpose BCI software platform BCI2000 and provides comprehensive guidance for using it to implement a broad range of BCI applications. 


The EU Roadmap:

Some members of the BCI Society were partners in a recently completed project funded by the EU called BNCI Horizon 2020. In collaboration with many other top experts in BCIs and related fields, this project produced a roadmap and a corresponding publication in the BCI Journal. This roadmap explores major directions in BCI research and upcoming opportunities, including use case scenarios.



The International BCI Meetings and International BCI Conferences have generated numerous dedicated journal issues, summarized below.

The First International Meeting, “Brain-Computer Interface Technology: Theory and Practice,” was held in 1999, in Rensselaerville, NY. Fifty scientists and engineers from the 24 then-active BCI research labs came from the US, Canada, Great Britain, Germany, Austria, and Italy. The meeting was reported in a special section of IEEE Transactions on Rehabilitation Engineering (Vol 8, Jun 2000).

In 2002, the Second International Meeting, “Brain-Computer Interface Technology: Moving Beyond Demonstrations,” was held in Rensselaerville, NY. Ninety representatives from 38 labs participated. The meeting was reported in a special issue of IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering (Vol 11, June 2003).

The Third International Meeting, “Brain-Computer Interface Technology: Making a Difference,” was held in 2005, in Rensselaerville, NY. The 160 participants represented 53 labs from throughout the world. The meeting was reported in a special issue of IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering (Vol 14, June 2006).

The Fourth International BCI Meeting was held in 2010 in Pacific Grove, CA. The 283 participants represented 136 BCI labs from throughout the world. The meeting was reported in a special issue of the Journal of Neural Engineering (Vol 8, April 2011).

The Fifth International BCI Meeting, “Defining the Future,” was held in Pacific Grove, CA from June 3-7, 2013. The 315 registrants represented 164 labs from 29 countries. The technical papers from the Meeting were reported in a special section of the Journal of Neural Engineering (Vol 11, June 2014), and the clinical papers were published in a supplemental issue of the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Vol 96, March 2015 Supplement).