International Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) Meeting 2016
May 30th – June 3rd, 2016
Once and Future BCI Speakers (Monday Evening):
- Eb Fetz: History of Bidirectional BCIs
Eberhard Fetz received his B.S. in physics from the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in 1961, and his Ph.D. in physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1967. He came to the University of Washington for postdoctoral work in neuroscience and has been on the faculty ever since. He is currently Professor in the Department of Physiology & Biophysics, Adjunct Professor in Bioengineering, Affiliate Professor in DXARTS and Core Staff in the Washington National Primate Research Center.
His overall research has concerned the neural control of limb movement in primates. This began with studies of monkeys’ ability to volitionally control the activity of brain cells. In this operant conditioning paradigm monkeys controlled a biofeedback meter arm with patterns of activity in motor cortex neurons. This work in 1969 first showed that neural activity could be used to drive an external device, and demonstrated the ability of the brain to volitionally control the activity of cortical neurons in variable patterns, phenomena that underlie much of the current work in brain-machine interfaces. He went on to investigate the functional organization of motor cortex cells controlling forearm muscles by documenting the correlational linkages of output cells with muscles in spike-triggered averages of EMG. He pioneered the recording of spinal interneurons in behaving monkeys and showed that spinal neurons share many properties of cortical cells, including preparatory activity prior to instructed movements. Other studies investigated the synaptic interactions between cortical neurons by using in vivo intracellular recordings and spike-triggered averages of membrane potentials. Most recently, his lab has developed an implantable recurrent brain-computer interface that can record activity of cortical cells during free behavior and convert this activity in real time to stimulation of cortex, spinal cord or muscles. This so-called “neurochip” creates a continuously operating artificial feedback loop that the brain can learn to incorporate into behavior. A second application of the neurochip is to produce changes in the strength of synaptic connections through activity-dependent stimulation. These two capacities of the recurrent brain-computer interface have promise for many basic research and clinical applications.
- Emanuel Donchin: History of Non-invasive BCIs
Emmanuel Donchin received his Ph.D. from the University of California, Los Angeles in 1965. Between 1965 and 1968 he was a research associate at Stanford’s Department of Neurology and at the Neurobiology Branch at NASA-Ames Research Center. In 1968 he joined the Department of Psychology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign as an Associate Professor. He remained at the UIUC until 2001, serving as the head of the department between 1980 and 1994. He is currently a Professor Emeritus at UIUC and a Professor at the University of South Florida’s Department of Psychology, serving as Chair from July 2001 until August 2008. His field of professional interest is cognitive psychophysiology.
- Jon Wolpaw: Future of BCIs
Dr. Wolpaw, the first and current President of the newly formed BCI Society, is a neurologist who has been engaged in basic and clinical neuroscience research for 40 years. Since 1990, he has led development of EEG-based BCI technology that can restore communication and control to people who are paralyzed and may also enhance neurorehabilitation. He has published numerous BCI articles and reviews, and co-edited the first comprehensive BCI textbook. In addition, from 1978 on, he and his colleagues developed and are using operant conditioning of spinal reflexes as a model for exploring the plasticity underlying learning and, most recently, as a new therapeutic approach to improving functional recovery for people with spinal cord injuries and other disorders.
Dr. Wolpaw’s research group has been funded for many years by NIH, other federal agencies, and a variety of private foundations, and has received numerous national and international awards.
Current BCI Snapshot Symposium Speakers (Tuesday Morning ):
- Nick Ramsey: BCI for Communication
Nick Ramsey has a degree in Psychology and a PhD in neuropsychopharmacology, both form the university of Utrecht. He became a specialist in cognitive neuroimaging in the US (National Institutes of Health), and applies modern techniques, including fMRI and intracranial EEG, to questions on working memory, language and sensorimotor function. His primary goal is to acquire and translate neuroscientific insights to patients with neurological and psychiatric disorders, with a focus on brain-computer interfacing. He is full professor in cognitive neuroscience at the department of neurology and neurosurgery of the UMC Utrecht since 2007. He has been awarded several personal grants fro the Dutch Research Foundation including a VIDI (2002) for elucidating working memory, and a VICI (2006) for developing intracranial BCI concepts for paralyzed people. The latter resulted in an implantable prototype for locked-in patients for which a clinical trial started in 2014. He received an ERC Advanced grant in 2013 for developing methods of decoding inner speech intracranial Brain-computer Interfaces.
- Lee Miller: BCIs for Control
Lee E. Miller is the Edgar C. Stuntz Distinguished Professor of Neuroscience in the Departments of Physiology, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, and Biomedical Engineering at Northwestern University. He received the B.A. degree in physics from Goshen College, Goshen, IN, in 1980, and the M.S. degree in biomedical engineering and the Ph.D. degree in physiology from Northwestern University in 1983 and 1989, respectively. He completed two years of postdoctoral training in the Department of Medical Physics, University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands. He was inducted into the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering in 2016, and is the current president of the Society for the Neural Control of Movement.
Dr. Miller has had a career-long interest in the motor and sensory signals that are generated by single neurons in the brain during arm movement. His early work was devoted to studying these signals in the brainstem, cerebral cortex, and cerebellum, and their relation to muscle activity. In the past 10 years, Dr. Miller’s lab has increasingly focused on translational research, pioneering the use of brain machine interface technology in projects aimed at restoring movement and sensation to paralyzed patients. His interdisciplinary approach has led to productive collaborations locally, nationally, and internationally. He has authored over 100 manuscripts, book chapters, and review articles.
- Donatella Mattia: BCIs for Rehabilitation
Donatella Mattia received her MD degree at University of Rome “Sapienza”, Italy in 1987 and in 1991, she became neurologist at the same University. She received the PhD degree in “Physiopathology of movement disorders” in 1996, from the Department of Neuroscience, “Sapienza” University of Rome. During her PhD program, she was a research fellow at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, Montréal Québec, Canada. She is currently the director of the Laboratory of Neuroelectrical Imaging and Brain Computer Interface, at the Fondazione Santa Lucia, IRCCS, Rome, Italy. Research interests are focused on advanced biosignal (EEG) signal processing method application to investigate the basis of human motor and cognitive function and the design and validation of EEG-based BCI technology in the field of AT and neurorehabilitation after stroke.
- Aaron Batista: BCI for Basic Research
My laboratory explores the neural mechanisms of sensory-motor integration. We study how visually-guided arm and eye movements are orchestrated by the cerebral cortex. We then apply new discoveries in neurophysiology to help improve neural prosthetics – devices that can provide motor control to paralyzed individuals.
There are two chief research directions in the lab: neural prosthetics and basic neuroscience. In the first, we are exploring a new way to provide sensory feedback to the user of a neural prosthesis: cortical microstimulation. By providing the brain with a direct representation of the position of the prosthesis, we hope to improve its controllability. Such fast, accurate feedback may create the sensation that the prosthesis is “embodied”: incorporated into the user’s body body.
Our second research direction is to understand how arm and eye movements are controlled, and how these movements change our sensory experience. For example, every time we move our eyes, a different image is sent from the retina to the brain. This change is anticipated by the brain, and is accounted for rapidly, to create a seamless visual experience. How is visual information rapidly passed between neurons to permit accurate goal-directed reaching even while the eyes are moving?
- Jose del R Millan: BCI for the General Population
José del R. Millán is the Defitech Professor at the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) where he explores the use of brain signals for multimodal interaction and, in particular, the development of brain-controlled robots and neuroprostheses. In this multidisciplinary research effort, Dr. Millán is bringing together his pioneering work on the two fields of brain-computer interfaces and adaptive intelligent robotics.
He received his Ph.D. in computer science from the Univ. Politècnica de Catalunya (Barcelona, Spain) in 1992. He was a research scientist at the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission in Ispra (Italy), a senior researcher at the Idiap Research Institute in Martigny (Switzerland), and a visiting scholar at the Universities of Stanford and Berkeley as well as at the International Computer Science Institute in Berkeley.
His research on brain-computer interfaces was nominated finalist of the European Descartes Prize 2001 and he has been named Research Leader 2004 by the journal Scientific American for his work on brain-controlled robots. He is the recipient of the IEEE-SMC Nobert Wiener Award 2011 for his seminal and pioneering contributions to non-invasive brain-machine interfaces. Dr. Millán has coordinated a number of European projects on brain-computer interfaces. He is also a frequent invited speaker at international events.
|The BCI Meeting is organized by the BCI Society|
|Diamond Level Sponsors|
NIH Grant Award Number: R13DC015188
|NSF Award Id : 1636691|